RBNZ Increases Monitoring of Stablecoins and Cryptoassets in New Zealand


The Reserve Bank of New Zealand, Te Pūtea Matua, has taken a proactive step in ramping up its monitoring of stablecoins and cryptoassets in the country. This decision comes as a response to public input, highlighting the need to assess potential risks and implications these forms of private money may have on the financial system and monetary sovereignty.

In a recent statement, Ian Woolford, Director of Money and Cash – Tari Moni Whai Take, released a summary of submissions received for the earlier issues paper titled “The Future of Money — Private Innovation: Te Moni Anamata — Te Auahatanga.” The summary reveals that while a regulatory approach may not be required immediately, increased vigilance is deemed necessary.

Woolford emphasized the recognition of both significant risks and opportunities stemming from stablecoins and other private money innovations. However, he also acknowledged the uncertainties surrounding the future development of the sector and the need to find an optimal balance. Caution, therefore, is of paramount importance, which reinforces the necessity for enhanced data collection and monitoring to gain a comprehensive understanding of the situation.

Furthermore, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand agrees with the call for global harmonization in regulations to ensure effectiveness in oversight. As other overseas regimes implement their regulatory frameworks, best practices may become clearer and inform New Zealand’s approach. The implementation of other regulatory regimes, like the Financial Market Infrastructure Act, could also have an impact on the cryptoassets market.

Woolford recognized that the challenges posed by cryptoassets and other innovative financial products do not neatly fall within the boundaries of any single agency. However, issues such as consumer and investor protection, as well as potential commercial or regulatory barriers to entry, are essential to address in pursuit of a reliable and efficient money and payment system that caters to the evolving needs of New Zealanders.

In a collaborative effort, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand will work with other agencies, particularly through the Council of Financial Regulators, to support healthy growth in the financial ecosystem. Additionally, they will continue engaging with industry stakeholders to stay informed about emerging issues and adapt their approach accordingly.

As the landscape of digital finance continues to evolve, the Reserve Bank’s increased monitoring reflects a commitment to strike the right balance between promoting innovation and safeguarding the stability of the financial system in New Zealand.

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